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‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
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康乃馨好养吗?没有种植过康乃馨的友友们都存在这样的担忧,那么小编就开门见山跟大家分享康乃馨的养殖方法中几个小窍门吧:1.选盆技巧:挑选大内径的高筒盆。2.浇水原则:浇则浇透,盆表不干不浇。3.注意光照,忌旱涝。4.
康乃馨盛夏处于半休眠状态,忌烈日暴晒接下来我们来了解康乃馨养殖的注意事项。portant;
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1.防止康乃馨叶片枯萎要控制好光照和温度:有些花友反应在种植的过程中,出现叶子枯萎等现象。这个问题主要是温度和光照情况没有控制
好引起的。当温度高于30度时容易造成枯萎症状。最适合康乃馨生长的环境温度为13-25度,光照条件每天控制在6-8小时。可以保证盆栽康乃
馨正常生长。喜好强光是康乃馨的重要特性。无论室内越科、盆栽越夏还是温室促成栽培,都需要充足的光照,都应该放在直射光照射的向阳位置上。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
2.避免康乃馨出现烂根,掌握好浇水原则:为什么有些盆栽康乃馨会出现烂根现象呢?盆栽植物有个共性,喜欢通风透气排水良好的环境。浇
水过度容易造成烂根现象,因此得把握好浇水次数。避免出现积水的情况。雨季要注意松土排水。除生长开花旺季要及时浇水外。平时可少浇
水,以维持土壤湿润为宜。有条件的话,可以让空气湿润度以保持在75%左右为宜。(家里有空气加湿器的童鞋,这个应该不难控制)再次提醒
下康乃馨浇水原则:盆表不干不浇,浇则浇透,忌涝渍。portant; font:
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GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif; white-space:
normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color: rgb(0,0,0);
word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
3.想要康乃馨健康成长,注意施肥:如果是选择康乃馨植株种植的童鞋。要注意选择排水良好、腐殖质丰富,保肥性能良好而微呈碱性之粘质
土壤。在栽植前,盆底先施足含钾、钙、氮、磷的基肥(或施以足量的烘肥及骨粉)。生长期内还要不断追施液肥,一般每隔10天左右施一次
腐熟的稀薄肥水,采花后施一次追肥。夏季高温期禁止施肥,否则易枯萎、死亡。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
4.促使康乃馨多枝多开花的方法:为促其分枝,在株高15-20厘米时去顶。一般保留下部侧芽6-7个,以后再进行一次摘心,最后使植株有12-14
个侧枝。孕蕾时每枝只留顶端一个蕾,要把下部腋生侧蕾和侧芽全部摘去。第二次摘去必须在8月中旬以前进行。第一次开花后及时剪去花梗,
每枝只留基部两个芽。经过这样反复摘心,能使株形优美,花繁色艳。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”> 5.
康乃馨的繁殖方法:康乃馨最适宜扦插繁殖。扦插的时间不限,除过于炎热的气候外,其他季节皆可繁殖。其中以2月上旬扦插成活率最高

portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana,
‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>一、
播种前的准备portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’,
SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”> 1.育苗盆portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’,
SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
育苗推荐使用穴盆或育苗盆育苗,不要直接播在地里。直接播在地里,土壤传播的病虫害较多,地温较低,水分和湿度不易控制,影响发芽率。穴盆育苗还便于统计发芽率。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
2.育苗基质portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
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color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
育苗基质要求土壤疏松、透气性好、保水保肥、干净无病害,肥力较好。常用的基质有泥炭土、椰糠、珍珠岩、蛭石,一般混合使用。例如泥炭土
85%+珍珠岩10%+蛭石5%。泥炭不要太细,珍珠岩颗粒直径3-4毫米,蛭石颗粒直径3-5毫米比较理想。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
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3.装盆portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
基质拌匀后装盆,基质在装盆过程中不需压实,轻轻整平即可,否则会改变基质的物理性质,使基质的透气性降低。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
4.浇水portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
用细喷头浇透底水,水滴的大小以不冲击土表、保持土表平整为好。浇水后再用杀真菌的药剂浇灌一遍,常用的药剂是百菌清。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
5.浸种portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
适当的浸种可以促进发芽,提高发芽率。种皮软薄的可用冷水浸种,种皮较厚的可用温水或热水浸种,很细小的种子可以不浸种。例如鼠尾草预先浸种一夜可以提高发芽率,使发芽更快。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
二、播种portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”> 1. 播种密度portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’,
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Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none;
letter-spacing: normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px;
-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
穴盆播种可以根据实际情况每穴播1粒或多粒。育苗盆播种,一般的品种每平方米可播1-2千粒种子。先根据播种育苗盆的面积把种子均匀分成若干份,每盆一份。portant;
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2.播种portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
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sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
较大的种子可均匀撒播在基质上,或者条播,较小的种子如百里香、茉莉孪那,可先用干净的细沙拌匀后再播。特别大的种子如鼠尾草可点播。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
3.播种的深度和覆土portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
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SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
播种的深度是由种子的大小和种子发芽的需光性决定的。一般种子的播种深度为种子直径的2-3倍。有的品种发芽需光,不需覆盖基质,直接播在土表;有的品种需轻微覆盖;有的种子覆盖应该稍厚些,播得较深。推荐的覆盖材料为粗蛭石,它保水性和透气性都很好。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
4.喷水portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
播种后或者覆盖后,再用细雾喷头喷一次水,浇透,让种子与基质和覆盖材料充分接触。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
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rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
5.覆盖portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
在播种盆上盖上玻璃、地膜或塑料膜,可以保持空气湿度,冬季还可以保温增温。夏季可不盖膜,盖膜也不能密封,两侧必须通风。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
6.遮荫portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
若夏季播种,一定要遮荫,否则光照太强,水分蒸发旺盛,会影响种子萌发。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
三、播种后的管理portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’,
SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”> 1.温度portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’,
SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
根据具体的品种的要求给以适当的温度,大多数种子的发芽温度在20-25℃之间。温度太高和太低都会直接影响种子的发芽率。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
2.湿度portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
播种后水分的管理是很关键的。冬季育苗夜间土温低时,水分散失少,因此在苗期不需要补水或者少补水;如果土温较高,在苗期应根据实际需要喷雾补水。夏季育苗时,水分蒸发特别快,必须根据实际情况随时补充水分。如果种子很细,为避免水的冲刷,可以采用浸盆的方法补水。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
3.光照portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
除个别品种在萌发时需要黑暗之外,大多数种子在光照条件下有利于萌发。种子萌发后必须接受光照,否则会使幼苗徒长。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
4.揭去覆盖物portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑,
Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’,
SimSun, sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing:
normal; color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
种子发芽后,要及时揭区覆盖物。有60%-70%的种子在子叶展开后应将膜揭去,以免幼苗徒长。同时仍然要保持基质的湿度,从而使未发芽的部分种子的子叶从种壳中成功伸出。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px”>
5.移植portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida,
Verdana, ‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun,
sans-serif; white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal;
color: rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>
种苗生长到适合移植的时候,要及时假植或定植,否则容易造成种苗徒长和生产延误。各种种苗移植的时间各不相同,需根据实际情况决定。

portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana,
‘Hiragino Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>关于仙人掌的施肥:portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’,
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任何植物都需要肥料,只是多肉植物/仙人掌科植物需要的肥料如此之少,甚至让我们忽略了他们的需求,以至于也有人认为多肉是不需要肥料的,事实上就是,过量的肥料肯定是不好的,适量,微量的肥料总是对多肉好的。portant;
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根据欧美和日本长期养植的经验,仙人掌所需要的氮磷钾比例大致在1:2:3之间,市售的化学合成仙肉专用肥料也基本围绕这个比例进行设计。另外植物还需要n多微量元素,但事实桑这些元素在哪里,起到了什么作用怕也说不清,一般来说各种基质里所带有的也足够了。portant;
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那么种植仙人掌的土里缺什么?起码不缺磷,虽然磷是仙人掌必须的大量元素,但是即使不使用任何磷肥,我们常用的煤渣以及有机肥总是供应过量的磷。如果您使用了有机肥,也不可能缺氮,您的盆里长过草吧,仙人掌比草需要的氮少多了。钾,一般都缺。portant;
font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’, 微软雅黑, Lucida, Verdana, ‘Hiragino
Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
white-space: normal; float: none; letter-spacing: normal; color:
rgb(0,0,0); word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width:
0px”>仙人掌施肥:portant; font: 14px/28px ‘Microsoft YaHei’,
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如果配土不含肥料,对于常见的球形品种,奥绿A2缓释或者花多多11号水溶。缓释肥的使用没有任何技术性,扔进去即可,春夏各一次,其实它们分解的速度远没有广告上那么慢,从三四月扔进去第一次,六月扔进去第二次,到夏季还没结束就已经变成空壳了。秋季可以来1-2次硝酸钾,1/1000。花多多11号可以在整个生长期使用,1/1000,隔次浇水一次,也就是一次清水一次肥水。对于成型植物,可以直接向土中喷洒,而对于您想让其快速成型的小家伙,最好用肥水进行浸盆。portant;
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施用水溶性化肥会加剧土表的无机盐凝结,可以考虑使用酸水中和缓解。portant;
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如果使用了半分离的基质,也就是里面有煤渣,这时的配合肥料最好换成不含磷的,硝酸钾最佳,也是1/1000,使用方法和花多多11号相同。portant;
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土肥混合基质不推荐用来养高档品种,如果养养柱子龙王昙花和三角嫁接球,那还成,再另外施肥也可以浇点自己沤制的有机液肥。portant;
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Sans GB’, STHeiti, ‘WenQuanYi Micro Hei’, SimSun, sans-serif;
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